For those recommending commercialisation, industrialisation, or sales efforts with radio devices, we suggest learning about EMC testing, licensing, and certification.

Near field testing

At a minimum there must be near field testing using test receivers and spectrum analysers (of typical cost 100K.) Far field test tooling is more complicated, with unknown (could be tenfold) costs.

A small semi anechoic chamber for use in lab environments

Anechoic chambers

Don't forget that at least one test facility offering anechoic chamber access must be contracted, and the procedure is quite involved. Accuracy of the one hundred million euro anechoic facilities is not needed, but it's unclear if the smallest chambers can support subgigaherz testing.

Common directives

Some directives implying product compliance include ECCN, HTSUS, and:


Device and accessories
  • Accordance to the RoHS Directive (2002/95/EC)
  • Accordance to the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC)

CE and FCC

  • FCC part 15 subpart B
  • 2002/95/EC (RoHS, WEEE)
  • Directive 2004/108/EC (class B)
  • EN 61000-6-1 (2007)
  • EN 61000-6-3 (2007) + A1(2011)
  • FCC CFR 47 Part 15 (2013)
  • EN 55022
  • EN 55024